Funding Required: $4,500,000
Target Beneficiaries: 117,000
During 2020-2022, IOM Pakistan will focus on providing assistance to natural disaster and conflict displaced persons and communities living in Pakistan. In particular, IOM will strengthen and expand its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and Flow Monitoring activities with the aim to provide more complete data. Furthermore, IOM will respond to crises when assistance is requested by the Government while continuing to strengthen preparedness for large-scale
Pakistan has seen a considerable increase in the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events and earthquakes in recent years. This has had an adverse impact on underprivileged groups, including women and children. According to Germanwatch 2019, Pakistan is frequently impacted by catastrophes. It ranks among the most affected countries in terms of human losses, with about 512 fatalities on average annually between 1998 and 2017. Furthermore, Pakistan continues to host one of the largest displaced populations in the world that includes 1.4 million registered Afghan refugees, 0.84 million Afghan Citizen Card (ACC) holders, and approximately an additional 0.5 million undocumented Afghan nationals (Office of the
Commissionerate of Afghan Refugees). Pakistan has remained relatively stable regarding the situation of security, however, both random and planned acts of violence and terrorism continue to occur across the country. The security risk level for Pakistan is currently rated at a “Level 3” (Moderate).
IOM in Pakistan closely coordinates with sector partners, UN agencies, the Pakistan Humanitarian Forum (PHF), and relevant Government counterparts to ensure effective and efficient delivery of humanitarian assistance in the country. Government counterparts include the Federal Ministry of State and Frontier Regions (SAFRON), Chief Commissionerate of Afghan Refugees (CCAR), Provincial Commissionerate of Afghan Refugees (CAR), and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Interior. Additionally, IOM works with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and is an active member of the Friends of the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (FOSSAR) to support the repatriation of undocumented Afghans and Afghan Citizen Card holders.
In addition, to respond to the needs of disaster-prone communities, IOM leads the Natural Disasters Consortium in Pakistan (NDC), in partnership with FAO, UNICEF, ACTED and Health And Nutrition Development Society (HANDS). Moreover, the consortium has
established partnerships with local implementing partners, as well as relevant government counterparts, including the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), disaster management authorities at the provincial and district levels, the Ministry of Food Security and Research, the Ministry of Climate Change, Ministries of Agriculture, Livestock and Environment
and the Pakistan Metrological Department (PMD). IOM aims to continue and further strengthen existing partnerships in the future to ensure the increased effectiveness of crisis responses in Pakistan.
At the request of the Government of Pakistan, IOM began its operations in Pakistan in 1981 to provide support with regards to the influx of Afghan migrants into the country. Pakistan has been a Member State of IOM since 1992 and established a Cooperation Agreement with IOM in October 2000. IOM has a number of partnerships including with the Governments of Australia, the Federal Republic of Germany, the European Union, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), among others.
The Mission’s main areas of work include:
Humanitarian assistance – with over USD 280 million worth of humanitarian assistance projects implemented since 2005; Migration management and return assistance; Transitional programming – with community stabilization implemented projects in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas throughout 2007-2019, reaching more than 10.1 million programme beneficiaries; Medical assistance – with an extensive presence throughout the country, providing health and travel health assessment services to thousands of cases annually.
Save lives and respond to needs through humanitarian assistance and protection
Funding Required Target Beneficiaries
Internally displaced, vulnerable, disaster and crisis-affected populations.
Displacement Tracking for Humanitarian Response
Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Flow Monitoring Activities:
IOM will continue operations at two DTM Flow Monitoring points in Torkham and Chaman, Pakistan. Teams deployed at border crossings will be responsible for collecting information at both border points to identify cross-border mobility patterns and profiles of mobile populations. In addition, teams will capture information on return intentions, expectations and perceptions of individuals returning to Afghanistan.
Establishment of transit centres to provide pre-departure humanitarian assistance:
IOM will provide pre-departure humanitarian assistance for returning undocumented Afghans and Afghan Citizen Card holders at the Pakistan border crossing points with Afghanistan (Torkham and Chaman) through IOM-managed and built transit centres (TCs). Specific activities will include:
Transportation from the border (Zero Point) to the IOM transit centre in Afghanistan; Provision of meals and overnight accommodation (until departure to final destinations) at
the TC; In coordination with WHO, provide basic primary health care services at TCs, medical screenings and provision of essential medicines provided by WHO, as well as polio and measles vaccinations for children under 10 years of age; Repatriation grants for returnees (indicative cash grant, at a rate of USD 100 per family);
Cash for transportation based on final destination (maximum USD 50) per family.
Implementation of the DTM across Pakistan, to effectively collect accurate data on internal displacements. Specific activities will include: Develop DTM methodology and tools to track mobile populations; Design DTM products including internally displaced persons (IDP) and returnee master lists, location assessments, returnee assessments and related tools to track human mobility;
Deploy DTM staff to conduct field assessments, collect information on IDP populations identified through the master list, and provide a more in-depth view of displacement, including reasons of displacement, intentions of IDPs, security and safety perceptions,
sector-specific needs and problems, and sex and age disaggregated data (SAAD); Develop reports, maps and dashboards highlighting DTM datasets; Disseminate DTM maps, data sets, and reports to operational partners including government and humanitarian counterparts.
Shelter, Settlements and Non-Food Items:
Enhance the resilience of the most vulnerable communities to natural disasters, through emergency response interventions. Key activities will include:
Timely, lifesaving and needs-based response (focused on Shelter, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH), Food Security and Livelihoods) provided in coordination with relevant stakeholders in the immediate aftermath of a disaster; Multi-sector Initial Rapid Assessment (disaster needs assessments) for emergency response interventions (Shelter, WASH, and Livelihoods).